MDF - Natural

0.125 inches 0.251 inches

There are 5 images for this material

What is it

Medium density fiberboard (MDF) is a particle board consisting of fine wood fibers pressed into a panel with the addition of resin and wax.

How fast will this material ship?

Orders using this material will ship as fast as same day. Find out more.

Can I get a sample?

You can get a sample here.

Design Notes

MDF has a smooth sanded finish that is a pale brown color.

The manufacturers tolerance for the thickness of the materials is as follows:

Material thicknessPossible Range
0.118” / 3.2mm0.106” - 0.130”2.7 - 3.3mm
0.250” / 6.4mm0.227” - 0.277”5.7 - 7.1mm

Engraving MDF

There are 3 types of engraving possible with laser cutting. Area engraving, line engraving and a combination of both.

Area engraving is great it you need to mark a large area on the surface of the material. To specify area engraving set your shapes to have a fill color of black with RGB values of 0, 0, 0. The way this engraving is performed is like an old dot matrix printer except instead of dots of ink it uses pulses of the laser beam. This is a surface finish not deep enough to be used for pocketing or inlays. The depth of the engraving ranges between 0.2-0.5mm.

Line engraving is like a really shallow cut. To achieve this effect the stroke color to red with RGB values of 255, 0, 0 and set the stroke style to a width of 0.01 mm. The laser beam follows along the red lines that you have in your design and marks the surface of the material. The result is crisp but it can be a time consuming technique if you have a lot of small details like text.

Using a combination of both engraving types typically gets the best result. Set your shapes to have a fill color of black with RGB values of 0, 0, 0, the stroke color to red with RGB values of 255, 0, 0, and set the stroke style to a width of 0.01 mm. The line engraving causes the laser beam to trace around the edges of the engraved areas making them more crisp and bringing the details to life.

Typical Uses

MDF is commonly used for making drones, clocks, prototyping, furniture, signage, etc.

Environmental Information

Compliant with the California Air Resources Board Phase 1 Formaldehyde Emission Standards for Hardwood Plywood (HWPW), Particleboard (PB), and Medium Density Fiberboard (MDF)

Adhesives, joints and fastenings

Construction adhesives will bond MDF well. Follow the adhesive manufacturer's instructions for application processes. Screw joints should be pre-drilled to avoid splitting.

Tips from other designers

Collin says:

I've used simple Elmer's white glue to attach pieces of MDF to each other on both surfaces and edges, and it works amazingly.

Added about 10 years ago. ( delete )
Edward says:

If you want to bond your MDF, use Gorilla Glue.

It works best if you wet the edges slightly with a damp rag or sponge before applying the GG. Beware of expansion, Gorilla Glue will expand in volume 3x!

So get it wet, glue it, and then clamp it down and forget it. In a few hours you'll have a permanent adhesion.

Added almost 10 years ago. ( delete )
David says:

Question - Are there any opinions about .251" natural MDF vs. .217" glossy hardboard in terms of strength? (And if there's a better place to ask, please let me know.)

Added over 5 years ago. ( delete )
Dan says:

Hardboard would be stronger as it is a higher density board.

Added over 5 years ago. ( delete )

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